her的用法精析

时间:2020-08-30 14:39:44 1147

你知道her的用法吗?快来一起学习吧,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

她到底什么意思?her的用法精析

Eyes are raining for her,heart is holding umbrella for her,this is love”.

——Rabindranath Tagore

眼睛为她下着雨,心却为她打着伞,这就是爱情。

——泰戈尔《吉檀迦利》

一、你知道her有几种含义吗?

abbr.

(= heraldry) 纹章术,纹章学

pron.

1.(she的宾格)她,(用作动词或介词宾语)她

You don't need to take off your gloves to her like that.

你不必对她如此地不依不饶。

2.(she的所有格)她的

Most flashlights work on two batteries.

大多数的手电筒用两节电池。

二、一起来玩个小游戏吧

I went in the room and told I had something to say to

我走进房间,告诉她我有话要和她说。

her 与 hers的用法

her形容词性

hers是名词性的

her 有两个意思,一是 she 的宾格,在句子中作宾语,和him用法一样;二是形容词性的物主代词,用在具体的物之前,表示“她的”,和his一样

hers是与her相对的名词性的物主代词,表示“什么东西是她的”用法和mine yours his 等一样

this is her bag. 这是她的包

this bag is hers. 这包是她的。

也就是涉及她的东西时,用英语表示时她后面有具体东西时用 her

she和her的用法与区别

1主格用法

主格,宾格作句子的宾语或表语。物主代词分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,在句中作定语。名词性物主代词起名词的作用,在句中作主语或宾语。

例句

I am a teacher.(主格作主语)我是一名老师。

Please call me Jim. (宾格作句子的宾语)请叫我吉姆。

Who is knocking at the door? It's me.(宾格作句子的表语)谁在敲门?是我。

2形容词性物主代词内容

形容词性物主代词有:my(我的),your(你的、你们的),our(我们的),his(他的),her(她的),its(它的),their(他们的)。形容词性物主代词具有形容词的特性,经常放在名词前面作定语,表明该名词所表示的人或物是“谁的”或...belongs to sb。

用法

有“名”则“形”,无“名”则“名”。

意思是:后面是名词的话,前面就要用形容词性物主代词。后面没有名词的话,就用名词性物主代词。

主动语态与被动语态的转换规则

把主动语态改为被动语态非常简单,可以遵循以下几个步骤:

1. 先找出谓语动词;

2. 再找出谓语动词后的宾语;

3. 把宾语用作被动语态中的主语;

4. 注意人称、时态和数的变化。

例:1. Bruce writes a letter every week. →A letter is written by Bruce every week. 布鲁斯每星期写一封信。

2. Li Lei mended the broken bike this morning.→The broken bike was mended by Li Lei this morning. 李雷今天上午在修理坏的自行车。

3. He has written two novels so far.→Two novels have been written by him so far. 至今他已写了两部小说。

4. They will plant ten trees tomorrow.→Ten trees will be planted by them tomorrow. 他们明天将要种植十棵树。

5. Lucy is writing a letter now.→A letter is being written by Lucy now. 露西正在写信。

6. You must lock the door when you leave.→the door must be locked when you leave. 当你离开的时候你必须把门锁上。

三、使用被动语态应注意的几个问题:

1. 不及物动词无被动语态。

What will happen in 100 years?一百年里会发生什么事?

The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago. 约65万年前恐龙灭绝。

2. 有些动词用主动形式表示被动意义。

This pen writes well. 这支钢笔很好写。

This new book sells well. 这本新书卖的很好。

3. 感官动词或使役动词使用省略to的动词不定式,主动语态中不带to ,但变为被动语态时,须加上to 。

例:make somebody do something→somebody+ be +made to do something

see somebody do something→somebody +be +seen to do something

A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by. 一个女孩看到我的钱夹掉了当她经过的时候。

The boss made the little boy do heavy work.→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss. 这个老板让这小男孩干重活。

4. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动语态时,直接宾语(物)作主语,那么动词后要用介词,这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定。

He gave me a book.→A book was given to me by him. 他给了我一本书。

He showed me a ticket.→A ticket was shown to me by him. 他给我展示了一张票。

My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought for me by my father. 我父亲给我买了一辆新自行车。

5. 一些动词短语用于被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。

We can't laugh at him. →He can't be laugh at by us. 我们不能嘲笑他。

He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day. 他每天都收听广播。

The nurse is taking care of the sick man. →The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse.这护士在照顾这个虚弱的男人。

主动语态与被动语态意思相同的动词

以下各句均引自权威词典,虽然它们用主动语态和被动语态的强调重点有所不同,但它们的基本意思是大致相同:

aim at

The book (was) aimed at giving a general outline of this subject. 这本书的目的是要对这个问题作个大概描述。

assemble

The whole school (was) assembled in the main hall. 全校在大礼堂集合。

bend

They (were) bent double crouching under the table. 他们蜷着身子蹲在桌子底下。

cluster

Reporters (were) clustered round the Prime Minister. 记者把首相团团围住。

dim

The stage lights (were) dimmed, and the play's first act was over. 舞台灯光暗了下去,这出戏的第一幕结束了。

drown

He (was) drowned while trying to swim across a river. 他在努力游过一条河时淹死了。

graduate

Smith (was) graduated from Harvard. 史密斯毕业于哈佛大学。

hang

His portrait (was) hung above the fireplace. 他的肖像挂在壁炉的上方。

head

They are heading [headed] for London. 他们去伦敦。

hole up

The gang (was) holed up in the mountains somewhere. 那帮匪徒躲在山中某处。

ice over

The pond (was) iced over during the cold spell. 寒流期间池塘都封冻了。

lodge

The bullet (was) lodged in his brain. 子弹射入他的脑内。

mist

His eyes (were) misted with tears. 他泪眼模糊了。

partner

We (were) partnered off for the next dance. 下一舞曲我们两人一起跳。

sell out

Soon the books (were) sold out. 书很快就被卖完了。

smash

The boat (was) smashed to pieces on the rocks. 船触礁而撞碎了。

stand down

The troops (were) stood down: it was a false alarm. 部队解除了戒备状态,原来是虚惊一场。

telescop

The first two carriages of the train (were) telescoped in the crash. 火车撞车时前两节车箱叠嵌在一起了。

swing

The gate (was) swung slowly to shut. 大门慢慢地关上了。

whisk

She (was) whisked up to the top floor in the lift. 她乘电梯迅速到达顶层。

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