introduce的用法总结

时间:2020-08-30 14:20:48 1147

今天给大家带来introduce的用法,我们一起来学习吧,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

introduce的用法

introduce作动词,意思是把…介绍(给),引见,(自我)介绍,主持(节目),介绍(讲演者或演员),使初次了解,使尝试。用法如introduce sb to sth。

introduce用法

1、~ A (to B) | ~ A and B | ~ yourself (to sb)

把…介绍(给);引见;(自我)介绍

Can I introduce my wife?

我来介绍一下我的妻子。

2、主持(节目);介绍(讲演者或演员)

The next programme will be introduced by Mary David.

下一个节目由玛丽?戴维主持。

3、~ sb to sth | ~ sth (to sb)

使初次了解;使尝试

The first lecture introduces students to the main topics of the course.

第一堂课是让学生了解这门课的主要内容。

4、~ sth (into/to sth)

推行;实施;采用

5、~ sth (to/into sth)

引进(动物或植物);传入(疾病)

Vegetation patterns changed when goats were introduced to the island.

自从引进山羊之后,这个岛上的植被模式改变了。

6、作为(新事物)的开头;使开始;创始

Bands from London introduced the craze for this kind of music.

伦敦的乐队引发了对这种音乐的狂热。

7、将(法案)提交讨论

to introduce a bill (before Parliament)

(向议会)提交议案

8、~ sth (into sth)

(formal) 将…放进;添入

Particles of glass had been introduced into the baby food.

这种婴儿食品中被掺进了玻璃碎屑。

introduce的含义及例句

1.介绍,引见[(+to)]

It was my younger brother who introduced me to jazz.

是我的弟弟介绍我听爵士乐的。

2.引进;传入;采用[(+to/into)]

Coffee was introduced into England from the Continent.

咖啡是从欧洲大陆传入英国的。

3.提出;制定;推行

The vice chairman of the committee introduced a topic for discussion.

委员会副主席提出议题供大家讨论。

4.作为...的开始;引出

He introduced his speech with an anecdote.

他说了一则轶闻作为讲话的引子。

young,youngster,youth的区别及例题

young/youngster/ youth 辨析:

这组词都有“青年,年轻人”的意思。其区别是

young是形容词,它可以和man, woman, person等连用,表示“男霄年”“女青年”青年人”;它还可以和定冠词连用,从而名词化,表示据有年轻这一特征的人。

youngster是可数名词,尤指天真活泼的男孩和少年。

youth是青年男女的统称,它除了用作集体名词外,还可用作普通可数名词,尤指十多岁的男青年、小伙子,有时含有贬义。例如:

She looks young for her year.她看起来比她的岁数年轻。

Jack is a lively youngster.杰克是个活泼的少年。

He rode the youngster on his back.他让小孩骑在他背上。

The youth of our country have lofty ideas. 我们国家的青年有崇高的理想

She was being chatted up by a youth when I arrived on the scene我一到那儿正好撞见有个小伙子在和地搭讪。

测试:

用 young, youngster或 youth的适当形式填空:

①The _______ man graduated from a prestigious university.

@The fight was started by some _______who had been drinking

③ These_______are advancing towards maturity.

(答案:① young ② youths ③youngsters)

burned 与 burnt 的同与异

1. 在美国英语中,动词 burn 为规则动词,其过去式和过去分词均为 burned;在英国英语中,动词 burn可以是规则的也可以是不规则的(即可用 burned和burnt)。所以当不考虑英国英语与美国英语的差别时,两者形式常可混用。如:

He burned [burnt] the old letters. 他把旧信烧掉了。

The house was burned [burnt] to the ground. 房子被烧成了灰烬。

2. 用于名词前作定语时,无论在英国英语还是美国英语中,通常都用 burnt。如:

Look at the burnt sugar. 瞧这烧焦了的糖。

He showed me his burnt finger. 他给看了它烧伤的手指。

He had a skin graft on the burnt leg. 他烧伤的腿上做了皮肤移植。

另外,作表语时也通常用burnt。如:

Your hand looks badly burnt. 你的手好像受了很重的烫伤。

3. 以上区别也适合于以下各组词:learned / learnt, spoiled / spoilt, smelled / smelt, dreamed / dreamt, spelled / spelt 等。如:

He learned [learnt] the poem at school. 他在学校学过那首诗。

I dreamed [dreamt] about flying last night. 昨晚我梦见我在飞翔。

作定语时通常都用不规则形式。如:

Stop acting like spoilt children! 别再像惯坏的孩子那样胡闹了。

Look at these misspelt words. 看看这些拼错的单词吧。

The spilt milk made a terrible mess on the carpet. 牛奶洒在地毯上弄得一塌糊涂。

特例:learned men 学者。

answer 与 reply 的区别

1. 两者均可表示“回答”,但 answer 属常用词,多用于一般性应答,而 reply 则较正式,多指经过考虑而作出答复。如:

He answered my letter. 他给我回了信。(指他在信中说信已收到等)

He replied to my letter. 他给我回了信。(指他在信中把我提出的问题都作出回答)

若不细分,两者可换用。如:

I was so nervous that I couldn't answer [reply]. 我紧张得没作回答。

2. answer 可自由地用作及物或不及物动词,而 reply 除后接 that 从句或引出直接引语是及物动词外,一般只用作不及物动词。其后若接名词或代词作宾语,应借助介词 to。如:

He replied that he had changed his mind. 他回答说他改变了主意。

He didn't answer [reply to] my question. 他没有回答我的问题。

比较下面两句:

He did not know what to reply. 他不知道回答什么(即:用什么回答)。

He did not know what to reply to. 他不知道回答什么问题(即:对什么作回答)。

3. answer 除表示“回答”外,还可表示接听(电话)或对门铃等声响作出反应等(常与 telephone, door, bell, door-bell 等连用)。但 reply 不能这样用。如:

Who answered the telephone? 谁接的电话?

A little girl answered the door. 一个小女孩应声去开门。

Nobody answered my call for help. 没有人理会我的呼救。

4. 两者除用作动词外,都可用作名词。要表示“对……的回答(答复,答案)”等,其后均接介词 to (不用 of)。如:

Have you had an answer to your letter? 你寄出的信有回音没有?

I received no reply to my request. 我的要求没有收到任何答复。

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